Key Differences Between Router and Switches!

If you’re on the lookout for means in order for you to expand your gaming opportunities and horizons, you would most definitely end up finding yourself making use of certain tools and appliances. With that said, two of the most common devices used for this particular purpose are the router and the switch. In a nutshell, both of these devices are built for computer networking, which allow connections between a set or two of networks.

While facilitating connections between computers or networks is its common denominator, both of these devices have their fair share of differences as well. Below are run-throughs of the nature of both devices, in terms of Layer, Other Function, Data Transmission Form and Type, Device Type, Table, Network it is used for, as well as the types of ports.

Apart from all this, there are several kinds of routers and switches you could purchase online and in various shops, with the Asus RT-AC88U being one of the best mid-range routers out there in the market, and pcgamer.com has named it the best router available in their gaming router list for the certain category.

What is a Router?

A router directs data into a network. The flow of data passing in it is from computer to computer, and between the computers and the modem. It also makes use of Layer 3 devices, and has a Packet type in terms of Data Transmission Form. Its Transmission Type could be Initial Level Broadcast, as well as Muti and Uni-cast.

It has a few number of ports, ranging from just 2 to 8. It is both in LAN and WAN, and primarily works as a networking device. It also has a Full duplex Transmission mode, and each broadcast domain has a port of its own. In terms of speed, a router is relatively slowe, with a maximum speed of 100 Mbps for a wired connection, and a mere 1-10 Mbps for a wireless one.

The primary use of the router is to connect networks with each other. The sharing of the Bandwidth is one which is Dynamic, and makes use if IP Address for transmission of data. Routers are capable of performing NAT, and is capable of featuring a Firewall VPN, as well as handles the Bandwidth in a dynamic manner.

What is a Switch

One of the devices which are commonly mistaken for a Router is a Switch, and Vice Versa. The difference could be attributed to the fact that both of these are used when it comes to connecting one computer to another. One of the primary functions of the Switch, and what effectively sets it apart is the fact that you could connect several devices and the port could be managed. Vlan could also create security and could also apply. In terms of the layer, in lieu of a Network Layer, it makes use of a Data Link Layer, and only operates at Layer 2 of the OSI model. In terms of Data Transmission, it makes use of an L2 Switch Frame, as well as an L3 Frame and Packet. In terms of Transmission Type, it is a first broadcast, and multicast is also needed as well. Unlike the Router where there only are 2 to 8 ports, the Switch is capable of handling more connections, with either 24 or 48 ports. It is only used in LAN Connections, unlike the Router which makes use of LAN.

The transmission mode is either Half Duplex or Full Duplex, unlike routers which are only capable of full duplex. The greatest advantage/difference of the Switch is the fact that it is capable of handling greater speeds, with 10 to 100 Mbps, or for wired connections, at 1 Gbps. For switches, there are no sharing ports, and the bandwidth could be at 10, 100, 1000, as well as 10,000 Mbps individually. For data transmission, it makes use of a MAC address rather than the IP address.

For routing decisions, it make take more time for more intricate systems. One of the greatest drawbacks of using a Switch, in lieu of a router is due to the fact that Switches, unlike Routers, could not perform NAT.

This is a guest post written by Richard Baker from connectioncafe.com. His mainly writes about latest technologies in the gaming industry. His latest article about the best routers which avid gamers must use to enhance their gaming experience is a must read!.

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